Whether on the hands of an Indian bride or on the chest of an African - body paintings belong to many cultures for different reasons. And that for a very long time: The ancient Egyptians adorned themselves already 8000 years ago with meaningful paintings. Most body paintings have symbolic character and illustrate fertility, happiness and much more. Furthermore, they reveal a lot about their carriers: For example, about hierarchy or tribal affiliation. Magical powers have always been associated with painted skin signs. The "war paint" has the purpose to give the fighter courage and strength and to deter the opponent.
Tattoos as a targeted change
Today tattoo and piercing express the attitude towards life of young people. The trigger for tattooing or piercing is often emotional in nature and usually results from certain periods of upheaval in life. "My decision to have a tattoo did not come from now on, I took my time with it, until I was really sure, so in the end I tattooed myself because I wanted to visually change my outfit. I needed a change, even if it was primarily external, I have a Celtic motive and I think it suits me very well, "says medical student Olaf Bayer *.
The desire for individuality and self-realization is often present among the tattoo and piercing customers - the question is, as with all trends, to what extent this can be implemented or you submit to a different standard. This new outfit can not really change. The piercing can be easily removed again, which remains in the favorable case is a small irritable scar. The tattoo looks different: only with high-precision laser applications of the dermatologist, the times can be lasered away - which, however, usually as a result, a worn-out tattoo remains.
In true tattooing, color is introduced into the skin with a sharp object. In doing so, the tattoo artist makes sure that he deposits the color in the middle layer of the skin - the dermis. Once so far into the skin, the color of the body can not be broken down and remains there for life. Therefore, the quality of the colors used is an important criterion. Reputable tattoo studios only use colors that are subject to regular quality control and are harmless to dermatologists in terms of allergy-causing substances and pollutants.
Henna paste is ready to buy in the tube. But you can also mix them yourself from henna powder. The paste is then applied with a brush or chopstick to previously thoroughly cleansed skin. It is important that it acts on the skin long enough. It should dry for at least 3-8 hours. During this time you should move the place as little as possible.
Henna tattoos can also be easily made with henna pencils. Henna tattoos from Asia are known. The most famous are hand and foot paintings of Indian brides, which are becoming more and more popular in this country - albeit from a less traditional background. In contrast to the "real" tattoos, henna dyes only the top layer of the skin - the so-called epidermis. The color is therefore always degraded. However, this can take up to 6 weeks in extreme cases. Usually henna tattoos fade after just a few washes and disappear - depending on the amount of body care - within a few days.
Even more short-lived are the adhesive tattoos. Equipped with mica items, they glitter as a disco gag or simply as a summer pass for a day or evening long. Whether in the romantic look, as an animal symbol, filigree ribbons or as a highlight in the form of glittering stones under the eye - at the moment they are very trendy among young and old.
Comic, New School, Old Style or old tribal character of the Indians - so-called Tribal - a skilled tattoo artist can realize different styles. But you can also give the tattoo artist his own templates, which he revised to his own wishes. Also, Celtic symbols are increasingly used as a tattoo template. Although the Celtic tribes have left no written records, but many works of art. Not only her utensils and weapons have decorated her with expressive patterns, but also the body.
The Celts had an eye for symmetry - so the Celtic signs are all mirrored. Even abstract zodiacs were popular with the Celts. The most important Celtic symbol was the spiral that symbolizes infinity. It was also inserted in ornamental patterns. Also popular are the braiding patterns of the Celts - they fit perfectly on the arms or ankles.
What are organic tattoos?
"Simply put, a scam at the customer! You will not find a reputable tattoo artist who will do such a job for you." says Frank Cullmann, who has worked in the Nuremberg tattoo and piercing scene for years and recently set up his own business. The theory of Bio-Tattoo assumes that only one very thin or one single needle is used. The color should be introduced only in the uppermost skin layer, the so-called epidermis. Since this skin layer is subject to constant renewal, the tattoo would break down again in 2-3 years.
"In practical terms, the biotattoo biology theory is simply wrong, and these statements are proof enough that these suppliers have not informed themselves about their material, the skin." says Frank Cullmann and can justify the medical reasons: "The epidermis is completely renewed by the body on average every 28 days, which means that such a" tattoo "should have disappeared even after 28 days.
Since this is never the case, the color pigments were deposited in the dermis. This skin layer is not subject to renewal, so that the color pigments remain - for a lifetime. "With the tattoo artist's efforts to meet only the top layer of skin eventually the color pigments sometimes - if he hits - in the top layer and another time Nobody is able to estimate the thickness of the skin with the naked eye, because of these irregular color deposits the mottled and blurred contours of the tattoo are created.
Allergy to tattoos
Allergic reactions to "fake" tattoos can occur if you can not tolerate the adhesive. This is noticeable by burning, itching and redness of the skin. Then you should immediately remove the adhesive motif and wash the place with soap and water until even the smallest traces of glue have disappeared.
Only very few people develop an allergy to pure henna. These allergies are extremely rare. However, before applying the henna tattoo, you can do an allergy test yourself: apply a small amount of the paste to the skin on the inside of the forearm. Likewise, one proceeds of course with henna pens.
Providers of allergy testing before real tattooing should be extremely critical. Dermatologists believe that just by such tests allergies can only be provoked and thus bring any benefit.
* Name changed by the editor.